Auteurs in the Archives 

click to enlarge The Great Train Robbery

Last month, the Museum of Modern Art embarked on one of its most ambitious and exciting film series in recent years, An Auteurist History of Film. Curated by Charles Silver, the two-year-plus series takes as its organizational principle the Auteur Theory (which posits the director as the primary author of a film), and aims to cover pre-cinema (such as "magic lanterns" and other early visual and photographic technologies) all the way to the present day. The breadth of its programming is highly promising, with opportunities to revisit and reevaluate more canonical works, as well the chance to see long-neglected and often non-commercially available films (such as Benjamin Christensen's The Mysterious X from 1914). Recently, I had the pleasure of speaking with Charles Silver about the guiding principles of his latest series, as well changes in the New York City film scene over the past several decades.

The L Magazine: What was the motivation for doing this series now?
Charles Silver: It seems like as good a time as any. I've been at The Museum of Modern Art for almost 39 years now, and I've been going to the movies for close to 60 (or maybe more) and I thought it would be good to go back and survey our film archive (which begins in the 1890s and goes up to the present day) and try to define the Auteur theory through the collection. There have been, in the past, other film history cycles at the museum, so it is not totally novel, but I thought that approaching it from the Auteur Theory would make the most coherent expression of film history, at least up until the point that the studios broke down, and we had films really by committees and computers. It is hard to argue that a lot of current movies could be the expression of individual artists although I think there are many exceptions.

How do you begin to navigate 100+ years of cinema?
I'm limiting myself to films we have in the collection. There are certainly gaps that I hope this series may go a way towards filling by pointing them out. We've been upfront that this is only one approach to the subject. And no, I haven't seen all of the 22,000 films the museum has in its collection, or the millions of films that have been made, so there is always an element of prejudice and personal inclination. You have to live with that. But there's also a problem in that since we're starting with very early film, something like 85% of silent films no longer exist, so we're inevitably going to be unsatisfactory in commemorating some people whose entire careers have been wiped out by deterioration of nitrate film prints. You do the best you can with what's available, but I think we're being honest about the fact that we're not saying this is "the" entire, official history of film.

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